Institute of Social Sciences & Development, RS 46, 3rd Floor, Govt. Teacher's Housing Society, Karachi, Pakistan.

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2
(DECEMBER, 2019)

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  1-18
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Significanct Features of the Ḥanafī Criminal Law
    Author/s:
    Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmad
    Associate Professor and Chairman Department of Law International Islamic University, Islamabad
    Abstract:

    The most distinctive feature of Ḥanafī criminal law is its classification of rights which determines the legal consequences of various crimes. Thus, the three kinds of rights – the rights of God, the rights of the ruler and the rights of individual – divide crimes into ḥudūd, siyāsah and ta‘zīr. The standard of proof for the ḥudūd punishments as well as the nature and extent of these punishments cannot be altered by the government as they relate to the rights of God. The qiṣāṣ punishment relates to the joint right of God and individual which is why it reatains some characteristics of the ḥudūd as well as those of the ta‘zīr. Thus, its standard of proof cannot be changed but it can be pardoned or compounded by the victim or his legal heirs. Ta‘zīr punishment may be pardoned by the affected individual, while siyāsah punishments, being related to the right of the government, may be pardoned only by the government. In the domain of siyāsah, the government may make detailed laws, within the parameters of the general principles of Islamic law for the purpose of defining various crimes, fixing the forms and limits of punishments for these crimes and prescribing the standard of proof for them.

    Keywords:

    Ḥanafī Criminal Law, Ḥudūd, Siyāsah, Ta‘zīr.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  19-30
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Comparison of Impact of Macroeconomic & Bank-Specific Variables on Pakistan’s Islamic & Conventional Banks’ Profitability
    Author/s:
    Muhammad Asad Ullah
    Lecturer, Department of Professional & Commercial Studies CESD, Institute of Business Management, Karachi
    Masood Hassan Senior
    Lecturer, Department of Business Management, Institute of Business Management (IoBM), Karachi
    Mehboob Moosa Assistant
    Professor, Department of Accounting and Finance, Institute of Business Management (IoBM), Karachi
    Abstract:

    This study examines comparison of how profitability of firms, in the Islamic Banking & Conventional Banking of Pakistan, is influenced to nominated financial and economic indicators, i.e. Liquidity, GDP, Inflation, Capital Adequacy & Size of the firm. For this purpose, the authors select five leading Islamic banks and seventeen conventional banks & choose annual data from 2009 to 2018 to study the behavior of dependent variables toward independent variable i.e. Return On Asset. By employing Panel Regression, the author concluded that macro-economic variables have insignificant impact on profitability of both types of banks. Size has found significantly negative impact on profitability of Islamic banks. The authors have also found that liquidity has a significant and positive impact on Islamic banks whereas liquidity and capital adequacy have significantly negative with conventional banks’ profitability. The conclusions will be helpful for the banking sector to implement their policies accordingly in order to generate more profit in future.

    Keywords:

    Profitability, Islamic Banks, Conventional Banks, ROA.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  31-42
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Role of Religious Coping in Parenting a Child with Down Syndrome
    Author/s:
    Warisha Qahhar,
    Doctoral Candidate, Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi.
    Dr. Ziasma Haneef Khan,
    Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Karachi
    Abstract:

    To the extent that Allah tests us that much he adored us, partially in the light of the fact that it pacify our sins. A large no of studies proposes that individuals frequently go to religion when facing upsetting or stressful life occasions. Parenting a child is filled with a lot of challenges. These challenges intensify when the child to be taken care of has some physical and mental deficiencies. All the prophets likewise experienced occasions of extraordinary hassles and stress, through such experiences they gradually remind Allah and make peace in recalling him. Training likewise pursued by our cherished Prophet. Thus the aim of this study is to explore the relationship of religious coping with stress, depression and anxiety, in parents having children with Down syndrome. Through purposive sampling 200 adults, having children with Down syndrome were recruited. The combination of Urdu version of Brief Religious Coping Scale6 and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale5 were used to assess religious coping and parental distress of the selected participants. It was hypothesized: Inverse relationship exists between Positive religious coping and Psychological distress level in parents having children with Down syndrome. Whereas direct association exists between parental Psychological distress level and Negative religious coping mechanisms. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was analyzed to get the results and confirmed the hypotheses. The findings categorically suppose that through grounded association or stronger connection with Almighty Allah is a valuable coping in stress acknowledge by parents or guidance’s of those children with Down syndrome.

    Keywords:

    Religious Coping, Anxiety, Depression, Down Syndrome.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  43-62
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    A New Framework For The Unity Of Muslims: Some Reflections
    Author/s:
    Professor Dr. Muhammad Mumtaz Ali
    Dr. Muhammad Junaid Mughal
    Department of Usul al-Din & Comparative Religion
    Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
    International Islamic University Malaysia
    Abstract:

    The phenomenon of the presence of Muslims all over the world by naturalization and migration is being understood in terms of a new concept, “Transnational Islam” for the united Muslim Ummah. The sense of the unity of Muslim Ummah has been always integral to Muslim conscience throughout the ages. Transnational Islam, it is expected, being a modern rubric, will create, on one side, the sense of oneness of Ummah in the presence of so many nationalities and, on the other, loyalty to individual countries. It would be helpful to face multi-dimensional challenges posed by the modern world for Muslims and humanity. To face and overcome the impending challenges, the Muslims need to study their current phenomena afresh but in the light of the teachings and spirit of the Qur’an and Sunnah. They also need to come up with a realistic and practical framework. This proposal, therefore, identifies obstacles and suggests as solution, the regeneration of the revivalist intellectual tradition of Islam and its framework.

    Keywords:

    Transnational Islam, Unity of Ummah, Islamic revivalist, Islamization of contemporary human knowledge, Islamic worldview, Modern worldview, Muslim youth, multi-dimensional challenges.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  63-67
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Maqasid al-Shari‘a and Contemporary Reformist Muslim Thought: An Examination(Book Review)
    Author/s:
    Ishfaq Amin Parrey
    Doctoral Candidate
    Shah-i-Hamadan Institute of Islamic Studies
    University of Kashmir, Srinagar—190006, Jammu & Kashmir (India)
    Email: ishfaqamin88@gmail.com
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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  01-12
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    خبرِ واحد سے استدلال میں امامِ اعظم ابو حنیفہ کے اسلوب کا مطالعہ
    Study of Imām Abū Ḥanifa’s Methodology in Derivation from Khabar e Wāḥid
    Author/s:
    Dr. Muhammad Amjad,
    Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, BZU, Multan.
    Dr. Muhammad Khubaib,
    Assistant Professor, Dept. of Islamic Studies, Bahawalnagar Campus, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur.
    Email: khubaib173@gmail.com
    Abstract:

    This article focuses on Imām Abū Ḥanifa’s methodology to deal with Khabar-e-Wāḥid in terms of derivation of jurisprudential issues. It is concluded that Imām Abū Ḥanifa had strict merits while accepting Khabar-e-Wāḥid. He mandated some conditions to accept Khabar-e-Wāḥid. The most important conditions include that it should not contradict with Qur‘ān and Sunnah (Mashhorah) and the narrator should not act against his narration and must not issue any verdict contrary to it. Moreover, it should not relate to the aspects that are needed by the general public (‘Amom-e-balwa) and it should not contradict with al-qiyās, if the narrator is not a Faqih, it should not be out of reference and out of practice during the reign of the Companions of Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him). The article presents these conditions in a lucid manner, concluding the precisest methodology of Imām Abū Ḥanifa for Khabar-e-Wahid.

    Keywords:

    Khabar-e-Wāḥid, Sunnah (Mashhorah), Islamic Jurist, Imām Abū Ḥanifa.

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  13-26
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    فقہی استدلال پراسباب ِورود ِحدیث کے اثرات
    The Effects of Ḥadith reasoning on the Jurisprudential Argument
    Author/s:
    Ghulam Yaseen,
    Research Scholar, BZU, Multan
    Prof. Dr. Muhammad Idrees Lodhi
    Chairman/ Director Sīrat Chair, Dept. of Islamic Studies, BZU, Multan.
    Abstract:

    As to the Fictional argument with Aḥādīth, the reasoning of those Aḥādīth is of the same importance as the reasoning of Qur‘ānic verses for understanding the exact meanings of the Holy Qur‘ān. From the earliest period of the Ummah, muḥaddithin dealt with this topic with an extra significance. Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqah (May Allah be pleased with her) did not acknowledge a few Aḥādīth as their narrators did not know the exact reasoning of Aḥādīth. She pointed out some errors that occurred in some cases by the companions in the narration of some Aḥādīth and corrected these errors with respect to Ḥadīth reasoning which is discussed briefly in the article. This topic gained some extra attention from the researchers in the fourth century. The article comprehensively brings the relevant discussion with respect to the need of the present age.

    Keywords:

    Jurisprudential Arguments, Ḥadīth Reasoning, Muḥaddithin

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  27-38
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    شرعی احکام میں حالات و زمانہ کی رعایت اور اس کی عصری معنویت (دور نبوی کا ایک مطالعہ)
    Circumstantial Consideration in Shar‘īah Commands and its Contemporary Meaning (A Study of Prophetic Age)
    Author/s:
    Dr. Saeed Ahmad Saeedi,
    Assistant Professor, Institute of Islamic Studies, Punjab University, Lahore.
    Hafiz Irfan Ullah,
    Lecturer, Department of Islamic Studies, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore.
    Email: irfanullah@lgu.edu.pk
    Abstract:

    Human beings need Allah's guidance for the successful life. For this Allah sent chain of His messengers with the teachings that could be followed by the people for coming closer to Allah. After the keen study of the teachings ordained by Allah, it reveals that its purpose is to divert attention of people to the mystic knowledge of Allah, and make people to come out of the trifling of fake gods and bow down them before only one God and put them on the right path in spite of different tangled tracks. For gaining this purpose the way of divine wisdom and preaching, people were guided to the orders which can be easily acted upon. If we study the orders which were implemented in the Prophetic periods of Makkah and Madina, we can easily judge that the Prophetic wisdom kept in view the convenience of the people in sharī‘ah issues. By studying the sharī‘ah issues, two things become prominent with reference to time and circumstances; one for the implementation of orders strategy of graduation was adopted. And secondly system of abrogation was managed too for the implementation of orders. Deep study of these two issues leads us to the observance of time and circumstances. For example In worship issues; prayer, fasting, Hajj and Zakat, similarly in the context of daily life dealings with the reference of time and circumstances graduality and abrogation were adopted. Therefore, in sharī‘ah issues Prophetic wisdom like expansion and convenience instigate us for the observance of time and circumstances, because of this our issues can be solved out and people may act upon sharī‘ah conveniently. Parting from this will be great hindrance for the Serving of Religion.

    Keywords:

    Sharī‘ah issues, Graduality, Abrogation, Expansion and Convenience.

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  39-52
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    بازارِ حصص میں ہونے والے سودوں كے لیے فائنانسنگ (تمویل) لینے کے مروجہ طریقۂ کار اور ان کا شرعی نقطۂ نظر سے جائزہ
    Current Modes of Financing for transactions in Capital Market: A Sharī‘ah Perspective
    Author/s:
    Irshad Ahmad Aijaz,
    Doctoral Candidate, Shaikh Zayyed Islamic Centre, Karachi.
    Email: irshad786@gmail.com
    Prof. Dr. Noor Ahmed Shahtaz,
    Former Director, Shaikh Zayyed Islamic Centre, Karachi.
    Abstract:

    Stock exchange is an important institution of capital market on any economy. Past two decades of Islamization of financial system created a demand for providing conducive financial ecosystem for Islamic financial system. Financial deepening is priority of any economy and providing Islamic alternatives to financing share trading will be a good step towards broadening the scope of Islamic financial services to capital market. This paper discusses Islamic alternatives of financing of share trading in stock market both from banking system and brokerage houses. It also suggests possible modes of financing that can be used as a flexible alternatives of conventional products.

    Keywords:

    Stock exchange, Financing, Share Trading, Brokerage Houses.

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  53-62
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    تقویٰ اور ورع:اشترکات و اختلافات
    Taqwa and War’a: Communalities and Differences
    Author/s:
    Dr. Asghar Ali Khan
    Assistant Professor, Mirpur University of Science & Technology MUST, Mirpur A.K
    Email: asghar111@gmail.com
    Abidul Hassan
    M.phil Scholar, Mirpur University of Science & Technology MUST, Mirpur A.K
    Abstract:

    Almighty Allah has created the human being, guided him towards the Right Path and acquainthim with the concept of Reward and Punishment. A wise person efforts to obey the locus guided by the Allah Almighty. The abilities to: surrender oneself before the commands of Allah; build character including both the apparent as well as the veiled; explore the facts, take keen interest in Eibadah, prefer the Hereafter upon the Here; and far-reaching trust in Allah lead toTaqwah. When a person strictly abides by the limits delineated by the Shariah and refrains from the prohibited, he includes himself among the Mutaqeen and this is the best way to get success before Allah. Lives of SuffiahKarams are the practical demonstration of avoiding the sins, clean the hearts and adornment of virtues. Adoption of Taqwah is the only assurance of success before Allah.

    Keywords:

    Taqwah; Avoidance from Sins; The Prohibited; Shariah; Success.

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  63-76
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    اسلامی تہذیب و فکر – مالک بن نبی کی فکر کا مطا لعہ(۱۹۷۳۔۱۹۰۵)
    Islamic Civilization and Thought: An Insight into the Ideas of Malek Bennabi (1905-1973)
    Author/s:
    Dr. Humaira Ahmad,
    Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Thought and Civilization, UMT, Lahore.
    Arsalan Mahmood,
    M.Phil Scholar, Department of Islamic Thought and Civilization, UMT, Lahore.
    Syed Fawad Munir,
    M.Phil Scholar, Department of Islamic Thought and Civilization, UMT, Lahore.
    Abstract:

    Civilizational Studies had been an important trend in Social Sciences during the past two centuries. Historians, sociologists, anthropologists and philosophers had dedicated their researches to investigate the origin, dynamics and reasons of rise and decline of world civilizations. Muslim intellectuals had also rehearsed to study the present and future of Muslim civilization in new world order where most of the Muslim countries were colonized by foreign powers and later achieved independence. Among many others, Algerian Malek Bennabi is one such prominent name, who is unfortunately not well read in this part of the world. Malek Bennabi with the academic background of engineering, and natural sciences had coined his terminology for the study of civilization. Among his most important ideas on civilizations his equation of civilization comprising of man, soil and time, integrated men, colonizability, world of ideas are key features. In his equation of civilization, religion acts as catalyst thereby affecting the civilization in a very positive way. This article surveys the ideas and thoughts of Malek Bennabi on Islamic Civilization and its relevance in the contemporary Muslim world.

    Keywords:

    Islamic Civilization, Malek Bennabi, Integrated Men, Colonizability, Religion.

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  77-98
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    جدیدعُلوم کی اسلامی تشکیل کی تحریک میں ممتازشخصیات کا تعارف اور خدمات
    An Introduction and Role of the Prominent intellectuals in the Movement of Islamization of Modern Sciences
    Author/s:
    Serfraz Hussain Saeed,
    Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Islamic Studies, University of Gujrat, Gujrat.
    Email: serfrazhussains@gmail.com
    Abstract:

    There has been a lot of debate and discussion on the issue of Islamization of modern sciences among the muslim intellectuals.The traditional muslim scholars contend that hence all knowledge is from Allah, so there is no need to re-islamize it. The list of those who did their best in this issue of Islamization of modern sciences is not very long because the muslims have not taken this issue as serious as it has been or it is. However, some prominent intellectuals worked seriously to conceptulise this problem of the Muslim Ummah and the issue of Islamization of modern sciences as an epistemological and socio-political solution. Secularism and the great speed with which secularization has engulfed the Muslim world, has stirred the muslim intellectuals from their indifferences and motivated them to act. Despite the massive discussion and literature, Muslim scholars and intellectuals have not struck a common chord among themselves. This article aims to highlight some of those foremost muslim intellectuals who rendered their services in forming a possible policy with respect to the various interpretations of the concept of Islamization of knowledge, philosophical framework, and who gave a methodology for achieving the goals of Islamization. This paper not only gives introduction of these intellectuals but also explores the possibility of reconciliation between their ideas in the hope of further advancing the cause of Islamization of modern sciences.

    Keywords:

    Education, Islamization, Modern Sicencs, Muslim Intellectuals

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  99-114
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    علم الفُروق کاارتقاء مکاتبِ اربعہ کے تناظر میں: ایک مطالعہ
    A Study of Evolution of ’Ilm Al-Furōq in Perspective of four School of Thoughts
    Author/s:
    Dr. Abul Hassan Shabbir
    Assistant Professor
    Department of Islamic Studies
    Islamia University Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
    Abstract:

    ’Ilm Al-Furōq is an auxiliary branch of Islamic jurisprudence, which eliminates scholarly doubts, differentiates the concepts and provides the ability to draw the conclusions. To differentiate between things and concepts is the very quality which enables the human society to become Ashraf al-Makhlōqāt; because of the very power and quality the human being recognizes and highlights the supreme position of Allah Almighty.This provides very basis of knowledge and Justice. The classical jurists had mentioned this element primarily; thereafter numerous books were attributed to this knowledge, some of them were even named it as Al-Furōq. The present study focuses on the brief introduction and historical evolution of ‘ilm- Al-Furōq. The study is significant for the academicians, Lawyers, religious scholars, policy makers and researchers.

    Keywords:

    ’Ilm Al-Furōq, Islamic Jurisprudence, Historical Evolution, Ijtihād.

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    Language   Urdu
    Pages Nos :  115-118
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    مضاربت میزانِ شریعت میں
    Book Review
    Author/s:
    Muhammad Asghar Shahzad,
    Lecturer, Department of Training, Shariah Academy, IIU Islamabad.
    Email: asghar.shahzad@iiu.edu.pk
    Abstract:

    Keywords:

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    Language   Arabic
    Pages Nos :  1-16
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    منهج الشيخ عبد الوحيد جان السرهندي في ترجمته لمعاني القرآن (دراسة تحليلية نقدية)
    Methodology of Qur’ānic Translation by Sheikh ‘Abdul Waheed Jān Al Sirhindī – A Critical Analysis
    Author/s:
    Nasrullah Qureshi
    Doctoral Candidate
    Department of Tafsīr International Islamic University Islamabad
    Email: nasrullah.qureshi@gmail.com
    Dr. Hadi Bux
    Assistant Professor Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, SZAB Campur, Khairpur
    Abstract:

    The Holy Qur'ān is the ultimate Divine guidance. Muslim scholars of all the times conveyed the meanings of the Qur'ān in different languages of the world with par excellence. In this research paper, an attempt has been made to analyze and introduce a unique Sindhī translation of the Qur'ān named "Bayān al Raḥmān fī Tarjumah al Qur'ān" by Sheikh ‘Abdul Waheed Jān Al Sirhindī. The article evaluates the methodology of the Sheikh critically and analytically in an objective manner. The distinction of this translation has been highlighted and the limitation of Sindhī language has also been pointed out in a lucid manner. The language used by the translator is easily comprehensible and transmits the themes of the Qur'ān to its addressees cohesively. It is worth mentioning that footnotes used by Shaikh for the complete understanding of the Qur'ān are effective, useful and of great importance for its readers.

    Keywords:

    Shaikh ‘Abdul Waheed Jān Al Sirhindī, Sindhī Translation, Bayān al Raḥmān fī Tarjumah al Qur'ān.

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    Language   Arabic
    Pages Nos :  17-30
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    دراسةالنواحي الصرفية فی تفسیر "التحریروالتنویر" للشیخ ابن عاشور
    The Study of Morphology in the Interpretation of "Al Tahrīr Wa Tanvīr” by Al-Sheikh Ibn-e-‘Ashōr
    Author/s:
    Bashir Ahmed
    Doctoral Candidate
    Department of Arabic, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
    Email:ba.qamari786@gmail.com
    Dr. Hafiz Shafiq ur Rahman
    Associate Professor, Department of Arabic, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
    Abstract:

    Allah revealed the Qur‘ān in the Arabic Language. Therefore, Arabic Language stands superior as compared with any other language. Though, the language used in the Qur‘ān is entirely different from the modern Arabic. This research focuses on charisma of Al-Sheikh Ibn-e-‘Ashōr and the environment where he lived and learnt the various forensic sciences till he became a great scholar. This research mainly discusses the excellence of Al Tahrīr Wa Tanvīr. It also highlights his method of presenting miracles of the Holy Qur‘ān in the exegesis. Besides, the article deals with the linguistic and idiomatic meaning of morphology, morphological studies in formulas, morphological studies in definition and denial, morphological studies in numbers and morphological studies in pronouns.

    Keywords:

    Al Tahrīr Wa Tanvīr, Al-Sheikh Ibn-e-‘Ashōr, Qur‘ān, Morphology.

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    Language   Arabic
    Pages Nos :  31-44
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    المعين اللغوي على تعيين مفاهيم المفردات القرآنية
    The Linguistic Parameters for Derivation of Meaning for the Qur‘ānic Words
    Author/s:
    Dr. Muhammad Faez ul Ebraar
    Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic, University of Karachi
    Email:drshahfaez@uok.edu.pk
    Habib ul Rehman Yazdani
    Doctoral Candidate,FUUAST, Karachi
    Abstract:

    One word expresses one meaning and at times multiple meanings too. This rule exists in the Arabic language and other languages as well. Selection of any specific meaning for a word in Arabic language is called “Semantics”. Usually, a meaning is related to Derivative origin, Linguistic use, Contextual use, Islamic Legal term or the Qur‘ānic term. One word does not always have multiple meanings all the time. Qur‘ānic words generally relate either the literal meanings like Names of Allah and His Attributes or other than literal meanings such as; (خزان, رحمة, رزق) and likewise. However, meaning of a word can also be observed by the supportive phrases and the same is the topic of this research paper. In order to observe a particular meaning of a certain word, there are many supportive phrases (قرائن و شواهد) such as contextually sequence, grammatically usage, synonyms, antonyms, deviation from the apparent and the predominant concept of Qur’anic words and sentences. All these six aspects must be observed to obtain any meaning of an Arabic word.

    Keywords:

    Semantics, Derivative origin, Linguistic use, Contextual use.

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    Language   Arabic
    Pages Nos :  45-56
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    دورالمسرحية الأردية وأهميتها في خلق الوعي الاجتماعي حول القضايا الاجتماعية الحديثة والدينية (في وجهات النظر الاجتماعية الباكستانية)
    Significance of the Urdu Drama in Awareness of Contemporary Social Segments and Islamic Morality (In Perspective of Pakistani Society
    Author/s:
    Safdar Mahmood Mastoi
    Doctoral Candidate,Department of Arabic, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
    Dr. Shabana Nazar
    Assistant Professor,Department of Arabic, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
    Abstract:

    Dramatics has been the prominent mean of expressing the feelings, emotions and sensation of human. A play may be based on a real story or on a fiction. It is a way of communication, mutual understanding, reconciliation, expressing ideas and a way of environmental awareness. The subject of ancient plays was confined to religious rituals, and from the expression of religious rituals to awareness of the social issues. History of dramatics shows that the Greeks, Indians and ancient Arabs have used this art to promote their religious rituals. However, now this art is consciously decorated with social problems and issues. For a long period, the central theme of Urdu plays has been fiction and historical stories, but Agha Mohammad Hasher Kashmiri transformed the face of drama from the fantasy world into awareness of real social problems. It is a fact that Urdu plays have contributed significantly in creating social awareness and promoting moral and religious values. Nevertheless, due to the influence of technology and commercial requirements, modern play has lost its standards.

    Keywords:

    Dramatics, Contemporary Social Segments, Pakistani Society, Emotions, Greek, Indians.

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    Language   Arabic
    Pages Nos :  57-76
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    نقاطتمهيدية فيالمنهجا لسيميا ئيلدراسة اللغة العربية
    Semiotic Approach to Arabic Language Study
    Author/s:
    Atef Ismail Ahmed Ibrahim Muhesin
    Associate Professor of Linguistics, Jumeira University - Dubai – UAE
    Abstract:

    There are many points of view according to different vision but the natural phenomenon for research method is same. The scientific theories and approaches which analyzes the language from the linguistic structural approach, the method of composition, the dissociative approach, the semiotic method of today’s scholar especially in the field of modern and contemporary Arabic criticism is due to the spread of translation and increased area of friction with the languages used in the west. Some of the scholars think that they have introduced new theory and modern devices to the language, but the ancient scholars used the signs of science. According to the west scholars, science is not the exclusive domains of people without others, it is a communication between human beings. From the point of view of Arab scholars, I have summarized the discussion under these facts is: Definition of semiotic, the requirements of the curriculum, the difference between linguistic of sentence and speech, and the statements of renowned scholars in this field. More the need of the semiotic syllabus in our Arabic language also been highlighted. The contribution of Ancient Arab linguists’ strategies is helpful in the field of study Arabic Language. We hope that we should be able to look at the semiotic syllabus in an Arab spirit to show its features

    Keywords:

    Semiotic, linguistic structure.

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    Language   Arabic
    Pages Nos :  77-86
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    الدراساتا للغوية املقار نةبين تفسيرالـتحريروالتنويرالبن عاشور و فتح البيان لصديق حسن القنوجي
    Author/s:
    Muhammad Ahmad Shah
    Doctoral Candidate, Department of Arabic, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
    Dr. Raheelah Khalid Qureshi
    Associate Professor, Department of Arabic, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur
    Abstract:

    The topic of my research (املقارنة اللغوية الدراسات" (The Comparative linguistic studies between tafsir Al-Tahreer wa Al-Tanveer by Ibn-e-Ashoor and Tafseer Fathul Biyan do Maqasid-ul- Quran by Nawab Siddique Hassan)". I have selected the words from these exesies which are discussed linguistically.Then I have compared both the discussions. Finally I have added the discussions of some other famous eaegies, dictionaries and Encyclopedias. So that all the finding should be authentic and fruitful. I have also included the statement of the said eaegies where their point of view match and different each other.The writer of the first "Tafseer" is shaykh ul Islam Muhammad Tahir Bin Ashoor. He was born in 1879 Ad at Tunis. His forefathers were the most famous and pious people of Andlus. Ibn -e-Ashoor learn the Quran by heart at the age of 6 years only. Then he gained the knowledge of Arabic language. He got in admission in Jamia Zaitonia at age of 14 and learned all type of Islamic knowledge. After that he started teaching at the said Institute. He is the writer of a lot of books in which some books are printed while the others are non painted.The most famous books is name as "AlTahreer wa al-Tanvir" which is best tafseer of the Holy Quran. The writer of the second book "Tafseer Fateh ul Biyan" is Nawab Siddique Hassan Khan Al- Qanooji. He was born at Braili the city of India in 1823 AD.Then her mother took him to Qanooj. He is the most famous and popular scholar of India and is reknown all over the Islamic word.He wrote almost 200 books. But the most famous book is "Tafseer Fateh ul Byan" linguistic discussions are famous in this tafseer.I have compared the linguistic meaning of the difficult Arabic words of the Quran found in the both said "tafser "

    Keywords:

    Scientific Research, Linguistic, Taher Bin Ashour, Ṣiddiq Hassan Khan al-Qannuji.