Institute of Social Sciences & Development, RS 46, 3rd Floor, Govt. Teacher's Housing Society, Karachi, Pakistan.

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2
(DECEMBER, 2019)

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  1-18
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Significanct Features of the Ḥanafī Criminal Law
    Author/s:
    Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmad
    Associate Professor and Chairman Department of Law International Islamic University, Islamabad
    Abstract:

    The most distinctive feature of Ḥanafī criminal law is its classification of rights which determines the legal consequences of various crimes. Thus, the three kinds of rights – the rights of God, the rights of the ruler and the rights of individual – divide crimes into ḥudūd, siyāsah and ta‘zīr. The standard of proof for the ḥudūd punishments as well as the nature and extent of these punishments cannot be altered by the government as they relate to the rights of God. The qiṣāṣ punishment relates to the joint right of God and individual which is why it reatains some characteristics of the ḥudūd as well as those of the ta‘zīr. Thus, its standard of proof cannot be changed but it can be pardoned or compounded by the victim or his legal heirs. Ta‘zīr punishment may be pardoned by the affected individual, while siyāsah punishments, being related to the right of the government, may be pardoned only by the government. In the domain of siyāsah, the government may make detailed laws, within the parameters of the general principles of Islamic law for the purpose of defining various crimes, fixing the forms and limits of punishments for these crimes and prescribing the standard of proof for them.

    Keywords:

    Ḥanafī Criminal Law, Ḥudūd, Siyāsah, Ta‘zīr.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  19-30
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Comparison of Impact of Macroeconomic & Bank-Specific Variables on Pakistan’s Islamic & Conventional Banks’ Profitability
    Author/s:
    Muhammad Asad Ullah
    Lecturer, Department of Professional & Commercial Studies CESD, Institute of Business Management, Karachi
    Masood Hassan Senior
    Lecturer, Department of Business Management, Institute of Business Management (IoBM), Karachi
    Mehboob Moosa Assistant
    Professor, Department of Accounting and Finance, Institute of Business Management (IoBM), Karachi
    Abstract:

    This study examines comparison of how profitability of firms, in the Islamic Banking & Conventional Banking of Pakistan, is influenced to nominated financial and economic indicators, i.e. Liquidity, GDP, Inflation, Capital Adequacy & Size of the firm. For this purpose, the authors select five leading Islamic banks and seventeen conventional banks & choose annual data from 2009 to 2018 to study the behavior of dependent variables toward independent variable i.e. Return On Asset. By employing Panel Regression, the author concluded that macro-economic variables have insignificant impact on profitability of both types of banks. Size has found significantly negative impact on profitability of Islamic banks. The authors have also found that liquidity has a significant and positive impact on Islamic banks whereas liquidity and capital adequacy have significantly negative with conventional banks’ profitability. The conclusions will be helpful for the banking sector to implement their policies accordingly in order to generate more profit in future.

    Keywords:

    Profitability, Islamic Banks, Conventional Banks, ROA.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  31-42
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Role of Religious Coping in Parenting a Child with Down Syndrome
    Author/s:
    Warisha Qahhar,
    Doctoral Candidate, Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi.
    Dr. Ziasma Haneef Khan,
    Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Karachi
    Abstract:

    To the extent that Allah tests us that much he adored us, partially in the light of the fact that it pacify our sins. A large no of studies proposes that individuals frequently go to religion when facing upsetting or stressful life occasions. Parenting a child is filled with a lot of challenges. These challenges intensify when the child to be taken care of has some physical and mental deficiencies. All the prophets likewise experienced occasions of extraordinary hassles and stress, through such experiences they gradually remind Allah and make peace in recalling him. Training likewise pursued by our cherished Prophet. Thus the aim of this study is to explore the relationship of religious coping with stress, depression and anxiety, in parents having children with Down syndrome. Through purposive sampling 200 adults, having children with Down syndrome were recruited. The combination of Urdu version of Brief Religious Coping Scale6 and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale5 were used to assess religious coping and parental distress of the selected participants. It was hypothesized: Inverse relationship exists between Positive religious coping and Psychological distress level in parents having children with Down syndrome. Whereas direct association exists between parental Psychological distress level and Negative religious coping mechanisms. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was analyzed to get the results and confirmed the hypotheses. The findings categorically suppose that through grounded association or stronger connection with Almighty Allah is a valuable coping in stress acknowledge by parents or guidance’s of those children with Down syndrome.

    Keywords:

    Religious Coping, Anxiety, Depression, Down Syndrome.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  43-62
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    A New Framework For The Unity Of Muslims: Some Reflections
    Author/s:
    Professor Dr. Muhammad Mumtaz Ali
    Dr. Muhammad Junaid Mughal
    Department of Usul al-Din & Comparative Religion
    Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
    International Islamic University Malaysia
    Abstract:

    The phenomenon of the presence of Muslims all over the world by naturalization and migration is being understood in terms of a new concept, “Transnational Islam” for the united Muslim Ummah. The sense of the unity of Muslim Ummah has been always integral to Muslim conscience throughout the ages. Transnational Islam, it is expected, being a modern rubric, will create, on one side, the sense of oneness of Ummah in the presence of so many nationalities and, on the other, loyalty to individual countries. It would be helpful to face multi-dimensional challenges posed by the modern world for Muslims and humanity. To face and overcome the impending challenges, the Muslims need to study their current phenomena afresh but in the light of the teachings and spirit of the Qur’an and Sunnah. They also need to come up with a realistic and practical framework. This proposal, therefore, identifies obstacles and suggests as solution, the regeneration of the revivalist intellectual tradition of Islam and its framework.

    Keywords:

    Transnational Islam, Unity of Ummah, Islamic revivalist, Islamization of contemporary human knowledge, Islamic worldview, Modern worldview, Muslim youth, multi-dimensional challenges.

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    Language   English
    Pages Nos :  63-67
    Volume :  3
    Issue :  2
    Title:
    Maqasid al-Shari‘a and Contemporary Reformist Muslim Thought: An Examination(Book Review)
    Author/s:
    Ishfaq Amin Parrey
    Doctoral Candidate
    Shah-i-Hamadan Institute of Islamic Studies
    University of Kashmir, Srinagar—190006, Jammu & Kashmir (India)
    Email: ishfaqamin88@gmail.com