Institute of Social Sciences & Development, RS 46, 3rd Floor, Govt. Teacher's Housing Society, Karachi, Pakistan.

Open Access Policy

All research articles published in the AFKĀR are fully open access and immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship as well as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.

A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.


Notes:

Open access is a property of individual works, not necessarily journals or publishers.

Community standards, rather than copyright law, will continue to provide the mechanism for enforcement of proper attribution and responsible use of the published work, as they do now.

Open articles are published under Creative Commons licenses. Authors publishing in the AFKĀR can use the following Creative Commons licenses for their articles:

  1. Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY)
  2. Creative Commons Non-Commercial license (CC BY-NC)






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