VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1
Title:کوفہ :شہرِ غدر یا شہرِ انقلاب؟ ایک تحقیقی و تنقیدی جائزہ
Kufa: City of Anarchy or City of Revolution? An Analytical and Critical Study
Author/s:Dr. Zahid Ali Zahidi, Chairman Department of Islamic Learning, University of Karachi.
Dr. Abbass Haider, Lecturer, Govt. College Korangi, Karachi.
In this article the authors have presented new dimensions of the history of Kufa. Generally it was believed that the people of Kufa deceiver and imposter but the author of this article proved historicallythat there were atleast five types of people living in Kufa. Some of them were deceiver but some of them were loyal to the Islam and the true leaders of Islam. When Imam Hussain was trying to enter Kufa he was not allowed by Ibn Ziad and he went to Karbala. More than fifty percent companions of Imam Hussain were from Kufa. The city of Kufa saw many revolutionary movements after the incident of Karbala and the people loyal to Ahlul Byte were among the supporters of those movements. In different traditions by the holy Prophet ﷺ it is also narrated that when Imam Mehdi will appear the city of Kufa will become his capital and headquarters. It is concluded that attributing Kufa to the deceivers is not true rather this city should be attributed to Imam Ali as he had made this city a capital of Islmic State and in some tradition it has been recognized as haram of amir ul momineen.
Kufa, Imam Ali, Ahlul Byte, Imam Hussain.
Title:یخاری کے بلفظِ ’’تشیع‘‘مجروح رُاوۃ : ایک تحقیقی وتجزیاتی مطالعہ
A CriticalAnalysis of the Alleged Narrators with the word ‘Tashayyu’ in Sahih Bukhari
Author/s:Dr. Hamid Ali Aleemi, Lcturer, Govt. Forman College, Nazimabad.
Sahih Bukhari has been regarded as one of the authentic books in Hatidh literature. Hence there are some alleged Narrators (Majrooh Rowaat). 45 of them are alleged with the word of "Tashayyu". The Scholars of Hadith, in the past and in the present, have tried to defend these alleged narrators in accordance with their knowledge and thoughts, but there is still a need to review them all unbiased, so that the true status of these narrators could be sighted in accordance with "Elm e Jarh o Tadeel" i.e., Evaluation of the Narrators of Hadith Literature, the sub branch of "Elm e Asmaa ur Rijaal".Here the objective is to critically analyze all the judgments regarding the status of these alleged Narrators, with reference to the source books of Elm e Jarh o Tadeel. It will help in determining their true position. Aleemi
Sahih Bukhari, Tashayyu, Jarh o Tadeel, Hadith, Asmaa ur Rijaal.
Title:نبی کریم ﷺ: پیغمبر امن و سلامتی
Prophet Muhammadﷺ: The Prophet of Peace
Author/s:Dr. Syed Aziz ur Rahman, Incharge Regional Dawah Centre (Sindh) Karachi.
Peace is an absolute and universal rational category. It was sought by all religions. Islam was no exception to this rule. Dawn of Islam began in the tribal conditions of Arab. War was next to their social nature. Holy Quran uses the language of ‘four holy’ months which explains the necessity and significance of peace in socio cultural milieu of Islam. Very interestingly, peace brings about economic and social tranquility. Here peace may be an after effect of socio-economic tranquility. However, it is should be noted that peace is grounded in the establishment of justice. The word ‘peace’ if ever can comprehensively be applied on single personality in the world history, it is only and only true for Muhammad – the prophet of Islam – ﷺ. It was in his credit that he turned a warrior nation into a peace loving and peace seeking nation. He provided two theoretical models for the understating of peace. Firstly, peace is brought as a result of war. Here peace is for short term. Secondly, in order to continue, on the other hand, one has to establish socio economic justice in order to make society peaceful. The paper argues that prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ missionary efforts were peace headed and nothing else. He engaged in wars for a very brief period of time. Later, he successfully eradicated economic class consciousness, extremism, and instilled the values of patience and tolerance. This all paved the way to long lasting peace.
Peace, Warrior, Muhammad, Economic, Patience, Tolerance.
Title:ریاست مدینہ میں نظام زکوۃ کا فروغ اور سود کی تحریم و تعدیم
The Promotion of Zakat and the Prohibition of Interest in the State of Madinah
Author/s:Dr. Arif Khan Saqi, Associate Professor,Department of Islamic Learning, University of Karachi, Karachi.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had successfully turned Madinah into an effective welfare state in the modern sense of the term. ‘Interest’ was forbidden without any ambiguity. It was considered to be the womb of social and economic evil. From theoretical illumination to its complete political enforcement, prophet Muhammad ﷺ had prevented the indigenous people from the uncountable bad effects and socio economic repercussions of interest of the time. As an alternative, off course with the commandments of Allah almighty, the system of zakat was established with its intrinsic spirit in response to the interest. Under the light of divine commandments, Muslims, be men or women, with specific conditions like minimum particular amount for a certain period under specific conditions were asked to pay zakat. It was implemented and enforced with all its spiritual and material requirements. The paper argues that the enforcement of zakat should be construed as comprehensive financial system of the state of Madinah. As any modern state, the state of Madinah distributed this amount to the needy and served the citizens. It will provide scientific evidences to support this argument.
Madinah, Zakat, Economic, Evil, Interest, Financial System.
Title:موسیقی عہد اسلامی کے تناظر میں:ایک تاریخی جائزہ
Music from Islamic Perspective: A Historical Analysis
Author/s:Dr. Humera Naz, Department of Islamic History, University of Karachi, Karachi.
Music is one of various ways of enjoyment and entertainment. The Muslim ullemas have diverse opinions regarding music. From the era of Prophet till today, Muslims have not only participated in the field of music but they have many philosophers who have studied and written books on music. Without being delved into deeper the issue of music is lawful or unlawful, I have researched on music as an art among Muslims, music is widely known as Ghina and Tarb in the primary and secondary sources from which I have greatly benefited. I focused the cultural trends to serve my objectives of research. I have focused when the Islamic music came into being? How much it progress in the times of Arabs and other Muslim society? How much the people of the time get interest in it? The people interest in music must be varying: the interest would of little in nature and beyond its limit. In the research study, I have carried out research on these aspects of music.
Spiritual Leaders, Music, Islam, Religion Art, Ghina or Tarb.
Title:محدثینِ اندلس: ایک تعارف (از ڈاکٹر جمیلہ شوکت)
An Introduction of Muhadditin e Undlus (By Dr. Jameela Shoukat)
Author/s:Dr. Muhammad Sohail Shafeeq, Assistant Professor. Department of Islamic History, University of Karachi.
Title:جماليات فن المقال عند الدكتور سيد محمد يوسف
Adorn Mutations of Art Essay by Dr. Syed Muhammad Yousuf
Author/s:Dr. Asif Saleem, Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic, NUML Islamabad.
The art of presenting literary articles (teachings of the great Arabic scholar Dr. Syed Mohammad Yusuf). Literary writing is finest writing ever, which flies in the sky of glory with the wings of poetry and prose. One of these types of writings is literary articles which is an art of literature. Art of the articles is an expression in Arabic language and it is a type of modern Arabic literature; in which the writer deals with many issues which might be personal, social or political. Gathering from these aspect we find that Dr. Syed Mohammad Yusuf (may Allah’s mercy be upon him) has innovated in his literary articles by using aesthetics of this art in the best possible way. This article will spot the light on this literary scholar’s artistic work.
Literature, Poetry, Prose, Aesthetics, Art.
Title:ظاهرة البدل وأنواعه في القرآن الكريم
Apposition and its kinds in the Holy Quran
Author/s:Muhammad Naeem Ashraf, Lecturer, Department of Arabic, NUML, Islamabad.
Dr. Muhammad Ismail bin Abdul Salam Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic, NUML Islamabad.
This study is a syntactic one about apposition in the Holy Quran. Terminological definition of apposition was dealt with in the introduction where many terms were studied. It was concluded that apposition is the best term and is divided into five kinds: antonym, some–of–whole, inclusion, dissimilation and whole–of–some. Types and used of apposition in Arabic language were examined in one. The chapter sums up that apposition is divided into our types: antonym, some–of–whole, inclusion and dissimilation. The fifth type, whole–of–some was interpreted by most of the grammarians as antonym apposition.
The remaining studied apposition in the Holy Quran and it was shown that three types of apposition, namely antonym, some–of–whole and inclusion, were used in the Holy Quran. Uses of apposition, whether explicit or implicit, are also studied in it including its various types where it is used as definite or indefinite. Other used and kinds are also dealt with in details.
Apposition, Antonym, Holy Quran.
Title:Islamization of Laws in Islamic Republic of Pakistan: An Analysis
Author/s:Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Siddique, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Shari‘ah & Law, IIU Islamabad.
Islamization in Pakistan subjects implementation of Islamic injunctions in individuals’ lives. The leadership believed that Islamization is a urgent need of the Muslims of Pakistani society. Communal life in Muslim society of Pakistan must be shaped through Islamic Laws and this Islamic system can only conserve the social life against evils. This country is born on the ideology of Islam that is explicitly stated in the objectives of resolution. The current research paper discusses the Islamization of Laws in Pakistan. It provides a brief analysis of the Islamized laws. It also highlights the main disciplines of the laws in which the emphasis have been made by the legislature. The current paper also evaluates history of Islamization of Laws before independence. The study concludes with indication that supreme law, the Constitution of Islamic republic of Pakistan, law of evidence, criminal law as well as family laws are Islamized by the legislative bodies of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan by questioning its implementation.
Islamization, Law, Pakistan, Islamic Law, Family Law, Evidence Law, Criminal Law, Constitutional Law.
Title:Women Empowerment and Gender Equality in Islam: A Journey from Oppression to Emancipation
Author/s:Dr. Saqib Muhammad Khan, Assistant Professor, Karachi Institute of Technology & Entrepreneurship (KITE)
Dr. Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao, Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Learning, University of Karachi, Karachi.
It is a well-known fact that the teachings of the Holy Quran did not only relieve womankind from innumerable troubles and the plight of inhuman treatment, but it also elevated their status to the dignity par excellence. Women faced three major challenges in their social lives. Foremost, their position to be regarded at least equally a ‘human’ like men, the second was the security threat and third was their honour. The Holy Quran, with its comprehensive, all-time effective and benevolent teachings, responded to all their social, moral and spiritual needs and bestowed them all-round equality, protection, and dignity. Indeed, the teachings of the Holy Quran led womankind towards dignity from darkness and oppression. This article includes well elaborated description of all three paradigm related to dignity of women that Holy Quran focusses and the same are the elements that are required to be elevated and redifined in the light of Quranic descourse in order to elevate, protect and maintan the status of women at present age.
Quranic descourse, Islam, Dignity, Equality, Status of Woman.