Institute of Social Sciences & Development, B-2, Usman Plaza, Block 3, Gulshan e Iqbal, Karachi, Pakistan.
ARTICLES OF PREVIOUS ISSUE
VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2
Pages Nos :
محمد اسد کے ’’دا میسج آف دا قرآن‘‘کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ
Analytical Study of “The Message of the Qur’ān” by Muhammad Asad
Dr. Muhammad Sultan Shah, Professor,
Department of Arabic & Islamic Studies, GC University, Lahore.
Dr. Hafiz Khurshid Ahmad Qadri, Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic &
Islamic Studies, GC University, Lahore
Muhammad Asad was an unparalleled scholar of Arabic language in the contemporary Western
world. He possessed vast knowledge of tafsīr and ḥadith literature. Being from the
Jewish tradition with religious background he was also acquainted with the knowledge of
previous scriptures. “The Message of the Qur’ān” is a combination of tafsīrbi’l-riwāyah
or tafsīrbi’l-mathūr (interpretation by transmission) and tafsirbi’l- dirāyah or
tafsīrbi’l-rā’y (interpretation by sound opinion). In his exegetical notes, he mostly
relied on famous commentators and substantiated his point of view by quoting from them.
However, he deviated from exegetical traditions in his footnotes on such verses in which
the Prophetic miracles or super natural events have been underlined. He based such
discussions on intellect rejecting any possibility of such events which is beyond the
realm of cause and effect. Some of his explanatory notes on verses underlining
scientific facts are worth reading but when he accepts theories as scientific facts, it
becomes difficult for readers to agree with him. He was a modernist but different from
modernists of Indian subcontinent who have rejected ḥadith literature altogether in
their exegeses. Asad’s views on creation of man, miracles, night journey (isrā’) of the
Prophet ﷺ, jinn and allegory in the Qur’ān are based on intellect where he put tafsīr
and ḥadith literature aside. His rationalistic approach in such discussions has made his
work unacceptable for orthodox scholars.
Muhammad Asad, Western World, Subcontinent, Tafsīrbi’l- riwāyah.
Pages Nos :
سیرت حلبیہ میں فقہ السیرۃ کے اُسلوب کا مطالعہ
Study of Methodology of Fiqh Al-Sīrah in “Sīrat-e-Ḥalabiyyah”
Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Naeem, Chairperson, Department of
Arabic & Islamic Studies, GC University, Lahore
Imām Ḥalabi is one of the greatest scholars of Tafsīr, Ḥadith, Fiqh and Sīrah. His book
Sīrat-e-Ḥalabiyyah is a masterpiece and classic work on the sīrah of Holy Prophet ﷺ and
has got a significant place in Sīrah literature. In this book Imām Ḥalabi deals with
sīrah in a different and unique way. He has derived from it jurisitc implications,
instructions and lessons for practical life. This style of Sīrah writing is called Fiqh
Al-Sīrah. By applying Islamīc sciences and mechanisms of sharī’ah he has authenticated
the sīrah narrations firstly and then, infers out of them Islāmic law and rulings. He
also dispelled the contradiction among different narrations and quoted the references
from Qur’ān and Sunnah on the points derived by him. Somewhere he referred the opinions
of different schools of thought besides his own opinion but mostly, being a follower of
Imām Shāf‘ī he has confined himself by giving Shāf‘ī opinion only. This article focuses
on analytical study of Seerat-e-Ḥalabiyyah in the context of fiqh Al-sīrah.
اسلامی فلاحی ریاست اور کفالت عامہ کا تصور-پاکستان کےتناظر میں
The Concept of Islamic Welfare State & Social Responsibilities: In Perspective of
Dr. Naseem Mahmood, Assistant Professor, Institute of
Arabic and Islamic Studies, GC Women University, Sialkot. Email:firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao
Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Learning, University of Karachi, Karachi.
Islām is a religion of nature and leaves the teachings for human beings which promote
welfare and care taking attitude in the natives of Islamic state. The people having
authority in the state are stressed to provide the basic needs to every citizen of the
state at his doorstep not on his demand. Head of the state is bound to look after the
public of the state. If the people are free from the worries of their livelihood then
the leader must not feel the fear of his enemies. This paper is a thorough study of the
Islamic concept of welfare state and its role in the development, progress and uplift of
the nation, state and its moral values. Some aspects will be discussed in its possible
practical applications and current Pakistani scenario to analyze the reasons of decline
of Pakistanis as well as of the Muslim world.
Islām, Welfare State, Nation, Muslim World, Pakistan.
Pages Nos :
عہد اکبر میں عربی ادب کی نشاۃ ثانیہ اور اس دور میں علماء کی
تصنیفی و تالیفی خدمات ایک مطالعہ
A Study of Arabic literature, its Renaissance and Scholastic Contributions during
Dr. Amjad Husain, Lecturer,Department of
Education,Rawalakot, Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
Bashir Ahmad Malik, Lecturer, Department of Islamic Studies, Azad Jammu &
Kashmir University, Muzaffarabad.
Mughal Emperor Akbar is considered as a great ruler in the history of Indian
subcontinent. He had not only strengthened his empire but also made remarkable
contribution in the fields of education, history, culture, archeology, and religion.
During his reign education remained a central focus of his governmental activities. Many
scholars and religious clerics have made significant efforts in promoting literature.
This article aims at dealing the Arabic literature, its renaissance and the writing of
the scholars and focuses those books which appalled Akbar, he would send for the
respective scholars and got there translated from Arabic to Persian. Akbar kept
correspondence with Arab rulers. The flourishment of literature in the region of Akbar
was very high, witch of Mughal rulers failed.
پاکستان میں نفاذِ اسلام کے لیے کی جانے والی قانونی کاوشوں کا
جائزہ (1979ء سے1998ء تک)
An Analysis of Legal Efforts for Enforcement of Islām in Pakistan (from 1979 to
Dr. Abdul Rehman Khan, Assistant Professor, Dept. of
University of The Poonch,Rawalakot, AJK.
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The movement for a separate and individual country for
Muslims having the manifesto of Islām and active participation of Muslim scholars in
such movement signifies that this country namely Pakistan was created for the promotion
and enforcement of Islamic teachings. After the creation of this country the leadership
tried several times through legislations for Islamic legal system. The active process of
such efforts was the era of general Zia-ul-Haq at late 1970. This article discusses
constitutional and legal efforts have been made for enforcement of Islām in Pakistan
from 1979 to 1998. It also describes the provisions of the Constitution that islamised
and highlights some other laws enacted for the promotion of Islamization. It focuses on
Federal Sharī‘ah Court, Sharī‘ah Appellate Bench, Zakat & Ushr Ordinance 1980, The
ordinance for the non-Muslims of the Qadianis, Ordinance 1984, Nifaẓ e Sharī‘ah Act
1990, Ninth Amendment 1985, Nifaz Sharī‘ah Ordinance 1988, Sharī‘ah Bill 1991, and 15th
Amendment Act 1998.
علامہ محمد عبدالحکیم شرف قادریؒ۔حالات وعلمی کاوشیں
ʿAllāma Muḥammad ʿAbd Al-Ḥakīm Sharf Qādrī: Hagiography and his Intellectual
Muhammad Touseef, Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Religion
and Thought System, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France.
Dr. Mumtaz Ahmed Sadidi, Chairman, Department of Arabic,Minhaj University,
Lahore. Email: email@example.com
ʿAllāma Muḥammad ʿAbd Al-Ḥakīm Sharf Qādrī was one of the most eminent religious scholar
and Ṣufī in South Asia, particularly in Pakistan. He studied Islamic and Arabic sciences
from the great scholars of the time. He devoted his entire life to promote the accurate
understanding of Islām. For this purpose, he wrote several books and treatises in
different languages such as Urdu, Persian, and Arabic both in prose and poem with
different themes especially the translation of Qur‘ān in Urdu language which is a
research-based literary work demonstrates his skills in Arabic, Urdu, and Qur’anic
sciences. A close reading of his life and intellectual activities shows that he had
ambition to promote an accurate believes and doctrinal conception of Islām, especially
in Ahl-e-sunnah school of thought. ʿAllāma Sharf Qādrī was an inaugural act that has
left a deep legacy for Islām in Pakistan.
بیسویں صدی میں جدید عصری علوم کی ترویج اور اہمیت وافادیت
کےتناظرمیں )پروفیسر سیّد محمد سلیمان اشرف بہاری کے نظریات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ(
Proliferation and Significance of ‘Modern’ Contemporary Disciplines of Knowledge in
20th Century AD
(An Analytical Study of Prof. Syed Muhammad Suleman Ashraf Bihari’s Ideologue)
Muhammad Ahmed Tarazi, Researcher,
Dr. Mazher Hussain, Assistant Professor,
Department of History, Islamia University, Bahawalpur.
Syed Muhammad Suleman Ashraf Bihari was one of Muslim stalwarts who, by the dint of his
acumen, vision and ability, provided multifarious guidance to the Muslims of Indian
Subcontinent at the very crucial juncture of History, especially when the Muslims were
standing helpless at the crossroads in the face of the Modern Education the very gift
the British Colonizers gave to the Indians. Syed Suleman came on the forefront with a
clear piece of mind and prepared Muslim Nation to face this upheaval by envisioning them
about the dark side of the so called “Modern Education”. He was of the view that the
Education could only be said “modern” if it did not harm the very basis of Islamic
teachings especially its spiritual essence which was non-materialistic and was meant for
world hereafter. His efforts bore fruit and Muslim youth became well-equipped which, in
turn, proved backbone for the Pakistan Movement in the forthcoming years. Even Jinnah
was the prime admirer of the youth of Aligarh which was vanguard of the Independence
Movement. The Research paper in highlights the ideologue of Syed Muhammad Suleman Ashraf
who was a great advocate of modern education without making any compromise on the
“Islamic essence” of both mode and content of the education and its essentiality for the
Syed Muhammad Suleman Ashraf Bihari, Indian Subcontinent, Modern Education, British
Colonizers, Islamic essence.
Pages Nos :
مرويات الواقدي التي سبّبت الطعن فيه عند المحدثين
(دراسة نقدية تطبيقية للمرويات التي أنكرها ابن عدي)
Muḥaddithīn’s Critique of Al-Wāqidī’s Narrations: A Critical & Applied Study of the
Narrations by Ibn-e-‘Adī
Dr. Abdul Samad Sheikh, Assistant Professor, Department
of Ḥadith, Faculty of Usūl ud dīn,IIU Islamabad. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar Al-Wāqidī is one of the famous Muslim historians, got recognition and
prominence in the 2nd century A.H. He introduced new trends in writing and composition
of historic narratives. He is considered the first Muslim historian who talked about the
historical events and what were root causes of their happening and finally analyzed
their consequences. Many Muḥaddithīn consider him an authentic and reliable source for
historical narratives of the Holy Prophet’s campaigns during the last decade of his life
in Madinah. Due to the authenticity of his narratives, they quoted him extensively in
their works when write about the life of Holy Prophet ﷺ. Although, he is one of the
credible historians and weighed as reliable but some of the Muḥaddithīn criticized him
by not following the applied methodology in hadith transmission. The current paper
discusses all the narratives which were considered to be the root cause of Muḥaddithīn's
critique on Al-Wāqidī. The focus of the paper is on the twelve narratives quoted by the
prominent critique Ibn-e-‘Adī. Finally, this paper analyses the denial of Ibn-e-‘Adī on
Al-Wāqidī’s narratives extensively with several aspects and concludes that criticism of
Ibn-e-‘Adi is correct or incorrect.
Al-Wāqidī, Muḥaddithīn, Ibn-e-‘Adī, Denial of Narratives, Muslim Historian.
Pages Nos :
’’المعجزة الكبرى القرآن‘‘لأبي زهرة في نثر الأدب الفصحى
“Al-Mu‘jazah Al-Kubrā Al-Qur’ān”
In Classical Arab literature by Sheikh Abū Zahrah
Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Tariq, Head, Dept of Islamic Studies,
Govt. Razvia Islamia Post Graduate College,
Sheikh Abū Zahrah was one of the prominent Muslim scholars who stirred himself closely in
touch with the existing Islamic law and was focused extensively on the Holy Qur’ān. He
was one of the leading Muslim religious scholars of the twentieth century has written
several books and other writings on Islāmic law, jurisprudence, theology, Qur’ānic
sciences, Ḥadith sciences and Arabic literature. His academic strength was his style of
writing and encyclopedic knowledge distinguished his works from other scholars of the
Muslim World. He was one of the scholars who gained international acclaim and left
behind a distinctive legacy of scholarship. Although his focus was on Islamic law
generally in his writings but he was having a keen interest in the field of Qur’ānic
Studies. His book “Al-Mu‘jazah Al-Kubrā Al-Qur’ān” is an example of his interest and his
contribution in the field of Arabic literature. The researcher discusses the importance
and contribution of Sheikh Abū Zahrah in the development of classical Arab literature in
20th century. The paper denotes some important aspects of his life by introducing his
family. This paper analyses his scholarly works generally and focuses on “Al-Mu‘jazah
Al-Kubrā Al-Qur’ān” particularly.
Abu Zahrah, Al-Mu‘jazah Al-Kubra Al-Qur’ān, Qur’ānic sciences, Classical Arab Literature.
Pages Nos :
ظاهرة الطلاق والمناهج المتبعة لمعالجتها في مركز الاستشارات
العائلية في المجتمع القطري للعام 2015م
Divorce in the Qatarī Society and Wifāq's (Family Consulting Center) remedial role
Hind Al-Hammadi, Graduate Student,
Hamad Bin Khalifa Universirsity, Qatar. Dr. Muhammad Modassir Ali
Senior Researcher, Center for Muslim Contributions to Civilization, College of Islamic
Studies, Hamad Bin Khalifa Universirsity, Qatar.
Divorce has become an increasingly threatening phenomenon in the Qatarī society. It
reached a towering 56.2% in 2014 and is thus the cause for sustained alarm and worry
owing to its dreadful impact on individuals, families and hence the society itself.
Moreover, this alarming rise stands in glaring contrast to the goals set by Qatar's
National Development Strategy 2011-2016. These goals include building a peaceful, secure
and stable society under effective government and family institutions, and developing
policies and programmes to promote family cohesion. This field study will be conducted
at Wifāq - Family Consulting Center, to which divorce cases are usually transferred from
the Family Court to carry out family reforms and to provide family counselling to both
parties. The study will try to determine the causes of divorce through interviews
conducted with counsellors working to resolve family conflicts and their mode of action
to address the divorce cases that are filed. It will end with some recommendations both
by the counsellors and the authors to reduce this phenomenon in the Qatarī society.
Divorce, Qatarī Society, Consulting Center, Wifāq.
Pages Nos :
The Legal Status of ‘Bitcoin’ in Islamic Law
Dr. Muhammad Akbar Khan, Assistant Professor, Faculty of
Sharī’ah & Law,
IIU, Islamabad. Email: email@example.com Mr. Muhammad Zamin, Lecturer, Faculty of Sharī’ah & Law, Islamia College
This research paper attempts to critically evaluate some of the existing literature on
the legal status of Bitcoin in Islamic law and jurisprudence. The questions like what is
Bitcoin? How Bitcoin can be earned/acquired? Is Bitcoin treated as currency? Does it
function as a medium of exchange? Does it correspond to the definition of money in
Islamic Law? Is Bitcoin a precious metal or food? Is it abundant in supply and freely
available? Is it durable? Does it have intrinsic value? Does it exists in creation and
is made valuable by God? These and other relevant questions have been tackled in this
research paper. To answer these questions all the basic features of the Bitcoin have
been thoroughly analyzed from the perspective of Islamic standards for a currency. The
opinions of the contemporary Muslim and Non-Muslim jurists have been thoroughly reviewed
in order to formulate a profound concept about the status of Bitcoin in Islamic law. The
salient features of currency in Islamic law have been critically evaluated. The research
paper is based on doctrinal method of legal research. At the end the paper is concluded
with the findings that the general tendency of jurists is towards unacceptance of
Bitcoin as a currency however there are jurists who accept it as a currency.
Crypto-currency, Bitcoin, Legal Status, Islamic Law, Fiat Money.
Pages Nos :
Role of Religion in Creating Sense of Public Responsibility and
Work Ethics: Lessons from Qur’ān and Sunnah
Fida-Ur-Rahman, Lecturer, Department of Social
Sciences,University College of Zhob, BUITEMS, Baluchistan.
Dr. Janas Khan, Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies,
University of Malakand, Chakdara, Dir Lower, KPK.
Religion and human nature have a very unique and consistent relationship, because both
are divinely revealed and ordained. Whatever religion instructs is basically in
accordance with the human nature. Islām satisfies human nature in the best, feasible and
rational way. Religious injunctions are meant for purification and nourishment of human
soul, making good sense of responsibility, selfless devotion and work ethics.
Consequently, a society establishes that has God-oriented religiosity, spiritually
awakened and materially satisfied citizens having highest sense of responsibility not
because of some external force but due to his/her natural impulses that always motivate
and encourage him/her for playing a positive and responsible role and discourages
him/her from treading the path of negativity and irresponsibility. Islām generates the
sense of responsibility and work ethics. An attempt has been made in this paper to study
and explore all such actions and saying of the Holy Prophet Mohammad ﷺ that can be
practiced in contemporary corporate sector for gaining actual and ideal potential of the
individuals. The research study is based on the Qur’ānic injunctions and Sunnah, of the
Holy Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
Religion, Responsibility, Human Nature, Qur’ān, Sunnah.
Pages Nos :
Muslim Intellectual Deficit: Reasons and Remedies
Dr. Altaf Hussain Yatoo Assistant Professor Higher
Education Department, Jammu & Kashmir, India Email: firstname.lastname@example.org