Institute of Social Sciences & Development, B-2, Usman Plaza, Block 3, Gulshan e Iqbal, Karachi, Pakistan.

How to submit the paper?

Kindly submit your manuscript via email
Only submitted articles will be processed.
We only accept papers in January, April, July & October.
Author must provide their complete name, address, phone number(s), current position/title and affiliation on the title page.

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

The authors(s) must follow the Guidelines for authors in preparing the manuscript before submission.
Remember Manuscripts will be considered for publication only if they have not been published previously and are not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Review Policy

The journal follows double blind peer review policy. The paper is sent to two reviewers (including one from technologically advanced countries) to review the paper in the light of journal's guidelines and features of a quality research paper. For papers which require changes, the same reviewers will be used to ensure that the quality of the revised paper is acceptable. The decision to accept or reject a manuscript rests solely with AFKĀR Editorial Board. This decision is final. The Editorial Board will, however, base its decision primarily upon the recommendations of the referees who have evaluated the paper.

Review and Publication Process

The journal follows a systematic review and publication policy.
Step - 1: The submitted manuscript is acknowledged within 48 hours upon receipt.
Step - 2: The manuscript/paper is sent to three reviewers (paper without the name and affiliations of the author(s). The review process takes maximum two months.
Step - 3: The review reports are collected from the reviewers and the editor will communicate to the authors including all terms and conditions of the publication.
Step - 4: If the paper is accepted subject to modification, the editor will send the review reports to the author/corresponding author including a formal request to modify the paper by seven days as per the suggestions of the reviewers. The author will send the modified paper to the same reviewers of the said paper to justify the modifications. If the paper is again returned by the reviewers, the paper is said to be finally rejected. The journal will not proceed with the said paper. However, in case of very minor changes, the editorial board may consider the paper for further modifications.
Step - 5: The accepted paper is processed for publication (soft copy) upon the successful completion of the journal’s terms and conditions.
Step - 6: Proof Reading. The editor will send the processed paper for publication (MS Word) to the author/corresponding author for proof reading.
Step - 7: The editor will notify the author/corresponding author about online publication with necessary download link. The author/corresponding author may request for any correction in published paper (in case of extremely important changes) within seven days of online publication.


Copyrights for articles published in the journal are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.

Plagiarism Policy

The editorial board is very strict regarding plagiarism. The journal believes that taking the ideas and work of others without giving them credit is unfair and dishonest. Copying even one sentence from someone else's manuscript, or even one of your own that has previously been published, without proper citation is considered plagiarism-use your own words instead. The editorial board retains the absolute authority to reject the review process of a submitted manuscript if it subject to minor or major plagiarism and even may cancel the publication upon the complaint of victim(s) of plagiarism.